When you are done, you should have one of each color for the length between the main panel and the spa pack and also the length from the spa pack to the hot tub. All non-current carrying metal parts within 5’ of the hot tub must be bonded by a #8 copper wire (680-41-D) It is recommended that at a minimum you should use a12-gauge wire. 680.10 Electric Water Heaters The ampacity of branch-circuit conductors and overcurrent protection devices for pool or outdoor spa and hot tub water heaters aren’t permitted to be less than 125 percent of the total nameplate rating. In this case, you should call a qualified electrician to install the outlet. Preparing for Delivery . home improvement and repair website. I have heard many spa dealers tell homeowners that the cost will be between $85-$800. Check the owner's manual. Costs may vary depending on how much prep work is needed and whether your hot tub is located indoors or outdoors. Installing a new hot tub? The local code enforcement agency has varying requirements on the actual depth at which to bury particular conduit types underground. Your hot tub may run off of either 120V power or 240V power. I would like to install a hot tub with the heater requiring 220V. If the hot tub runs off of 240V power, it is unlikely that your home already has this type of electrical outlet outside. Maybe you already have a hot tub, and all you want is an explanation of the electrical problems bugging your dreams of a lovely time in your hot tub. Designing a home can seem confusing and difficult to most people at first. Variety of 220v hot tub wiring diagram. Wiring a hot tub is not as easy as it looks. Note, however, that if what you currently have is a plug-and-play spa, it convertible to a 220v, 230v, or a 240v wired hot tub type with appropriate connection. The requirements for swimming pools are given in Section 702 of BS 7671:2008+A3:2015. Run the conduit by drilling a hole through the wall. We welcome your comments and The 50amp GFCI Spa Panel is much more common, and therefore cheaper at the normal hardware stores. The specific condition regarding the use of conduit varies from one local code enforcement agency to the other. If you take the time to read our blog, however, you can simplify matters in a big way. Start with two pieces of schedule 80 PVC conduit, one for each length of wire. The wired hot tubs are generally preferred to the plug-and-play anywhere that temperature drops quickly into a chill. Along with your hot tub, you may want to include a gazebo, fire pit, patio table, outdoor furniture, and even an outdoor sound system for added ambiance. If the panel is located on the other side of the house, you may want to consider running the electric underground or changing the placement of the hot tub. The use of plastic and metal conduits are also allowed in many regions. To ensure our content is always up-to-date with current information, best practices, and professional advice, articles are routinely reviewed by industry experts with years of hands-on experience. Connect the green ground wire to the GFCI grounding bus bar. Be nice if you showed the wiring TO THE TUB …not panel box. Fit the necessary conduit covering different areas such as breaker panel, spa panel, and the trench. Before you proceed into this step, you need to check if your home electrical set up has room for extra load. Turn on the power supply and the newly installed hot tub circuit breaker. Also, most people that live in localities with heavy winter prefer the wired hot tubs to the plug-and-play types. We understand your curiosity or frustration as the case may be. It should be close to the breaker panel and ensure to channel it out of the house. It is also not allowed to situate the hot tub directly under overhead power or communication wires. There are only two ways to connect a hot tub to power. Don't use underground wiring below outdoor hot tubs. This is a rather complicated step, but we have broken it up to enable you have seamless wired connections. Supplies Needed to Wire a Hot Tub. It can be a great investment for a homeowner. Get the Outdoor Hot Tub of Your Dreams. This means they require an electrical circuit providing (2) hot wires, (1) neutral, and (1) ground wire. Push the wires through the LB fitting into the house and to the breaker panel, leaving at least 6 inches of extra wire hanging. Using a Junction Box for Hot Tub Wiring Once you’ve selected the perfect site for your new hot tub, you’re now ready to prepare the site for a smooth and efficient delivery. [2] X Research source Make sure the spot you choose is large enough for the hot tub as well as some extra leeway for getting in and out and performing maintenance. Install the appropriate size of a circuit breaker to the service panel solely for this purpose. Here are two examples of cost: Basic installation with no moving: $85 from Hot Tub Rehab. All electrical work should comply with BS 7671. problems contact webmaster@doityourself.com. Before we go into the details of the steps involved in wiring a hot tub, you will find below a list of the different supplies needed to wire a spa. There are two types of hot tubs based on voltage requirements. Place the hot tub on a cement slab in the desired location. Find out more about how to wire a hot tub here. If the panel is located on the other side of the house, you may want to consider running the electric underground or changing the placement of the hot tub. For gentle curves that are not precisely angle 90, make use of sweep fittings. Troubleshooting Common Problems with Hot... Troubleshooting Common Problems with Hot Tubs. Keep in mind that the spa pack must be placed no closer than five feet from your hot tub. We suggest that you deploy the services of one to avoid possible electrical accidents while trying to DIY. Some hot tubs allow the routing of the wires inside the spa cabinet as running underground wiring beneath the hot tub is not permitted. Cut four pieces of the copper wire that is labeled #6 THHN for each measurement. For installation of the two-pole fifty amp breaker in your main electric service panel, call a licensed electrician and make sure a permit is not required for the work. An outdoor hot tub is an excellent choice to have to relax all year around. Hot tubs can also be used to entertain guests or relax in the oasis of your own home. Accommodate More People. Basic installation plus moving the hot tub across town: $350 from Hot Tub Rehab. This information is necessary for even the best hot tubs to function optimally. The direct link to the circuit breaker box increases the rate of heating by over 300% of what is obtainable with the plug-and-play hot tubs. I am in the process of adding a 50A sub-panel (GFCI) for hot tub to my main... Good day everyone. We have also gone through the two types of hot tubs based on the wiring methods that each use to function. What is a Hot Tub, Spa and Jacuzzi? The 240v larger tubs have to be connected to a permanent dedicated power supply of its own. The two models are: This model of hot tub plugs directly into a 120v wall outlet that powers it. These two wiring methods, consequently, defines two types of hot tubs. Indoor Hot Tubs / Spas must bond all metal within or attached to the hot tub. … The plug-and-play hot tubs have the advantage of locational preference. You should pass this extra neutral wire along with the red and black loadout wires to the control system. 680.44 GFCI protection is required for all Hot Tubs and spas. 1995-2018 MH Sub I, LLC dba Internet Brands. We're wiring a J-355 Jacuzzi Hot Tub and the instructions said to use 6-3 wire for a 60 amp installation. The GFCI is an emergency shut-off point that quickly disconnects the hot tub from the power source. You may need to consult the local building code to know the right conduit depth and be careful not to hit the underneath utility cable while digging. Smaller 120-volt units can simply be plugged into a receptacle, where larger units will require full electrical installation. For a 10-15 amp breaker,a 14-gauge cable should be ideal. Troubleshooting Hot Tub Control Panel Pr... Troubleshooting Hot Tub Control Panel Problems. For this reason, it is why it is called plug and play. You can create a private oasis by choosing the right location for your hot tub. Transformers for low-voltage lighting must be in accessible locations. If it is 120V power, you may be able to plug the hot tub directly into an existing outdoor GFCI outlet. storable pool, outdoor spa, outdoor hot tub, or fountain equipment, other than lighting, for these water bodies. Patience is a virtue, but it is not meant to be used waiting for hot tubs. It’s best to run the electrical wiring for hot tub through a conduit. We advise that you consult your local enforcement agency to give you the specific codes operational in your locality before you move ahead with the installation process. Leave at least 6 inches of extra wire hanging from the spa panel. Pass the four wires through a conduit to the GFCI breaker box. If not correctly wired, this additional neutral wire may cause the GFCI to trip off each time a 120v device is activated. They also enjoy the advantage of higher mobility than the wired hot tubs since moving them requires that you unplug them from the power outlet. Hi Scott, what about seeing you hook it up to the bracker box that are already in the house. I own a 110 volt 20 amp Hot Tub it has a 15 amp GFCI plug I also have dedic... My Hot Spring Hot tub display panel shows the temp for a few seconds and th... Running Electrical Under Patio for Hot Tub. Connect the red and black load wires to the circuit breaker. The National Electrical Code requires that the GFCI shut-off box should be installed between five to six feet away from the hot tub. Connect the white pigtail also to the GFCI neutral bar. In terms of the wiring of a hot tub, you may notice that there are two basic ways to connect your spa to your home’s power supply. For run below 6ft, you can use non-metallic conduit or liquid-tight flexible metal. Always confirm from the local enforcement agency the proper wire size to use. 9. Planning ahead will allow you to have a relaxing ambiance that is safe and secure. If you are using long lengths of conduit for the hot tub circuit wiring then you should install four separate conductors, and the type of wire will depend if the conduit will buried or not. I really ... Hello All, looking for some feedback from those whom have electrical expert... Hi Guys, Just hooked up a hot tub at our home and ran the electrical. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. You may freely link Determine the appropriate wire size to be used from the total current required by your hot tub. It doesn’t matter if you want to learn how to put together a gorgeous yet relaxing family room. Wiring for a full-featured portable hot tub has to be done correctly, as we all know that water and electricity don't mix. Thicker wire will be able to handle lightercurrent volumes, but a thin wire will short circuit and damage the equipment ifhigh volume current is passed through it. Once the tub is filled with water, you will need to get the main breaker turned on to the spa pack and the hot tub. Hot tubs provide many health benefits such as improving sleep, improving cardiovascular health, helping with diabetes and weight loss, and eliminating tension and stress. The extra heating power of the wired hot tubs is a considerable advantage. There are no specific requirements for electrical installations associated with hot tubs in BS 7671. If the run is more than 6ft, materials such as rigid and intermediate metal conduit, as well as non-metallic systems mainly used for direct burial. Electricity and water are a potentially deadly combination. The first is through a low 110v connection that simply plugs into a wall outlet, and the second is through a 220v, 230v, or 240v connection directly to your home’s central circuit breaker box. Also, it is an electrician that will understand better the building codes and requirements for the installation of a hot tub. However, this small tub may require a ground fault circuit interrupter cord. The recommended hot tub wire size is 6 AWG copper. Website operating The distance between your hot tub and the breaker panel may also affect your costs. You also need to install a manual power shut-off as a fail-safe measure when the GFCI malfunctions. Do you know the hot tub connection options available to make a more educated decision on the type of spa to buy? Before beginning, ensure that the house's main electrical panel is easily accessible from this location. b. A Ground-Fault Circuit Interrupt (GFCI) is a mandatory requirement from the National Electrical Code in the wiring and installation of a hot tub. Disconnect the power source before you start any act of installation. And it all begins with the installation of an outdoor hot tub. Getting a hot tub installed in the backyard is a much simpler process than you might imagine. Hot Tubs and Spas - NEC Electrical Codes: 680.12 and 680.42 A disconnect must be installed within sight of Hot Tub. DoItYourself.com®, founded in 1995, is the leading independent You will need to be sure that it is still in sight of your unit. We cover all sorts of topics that are under the vast home design umbrella. Simply have it inspected before your hot tub is installed and be sure you have the proper supports. The cost to install your hot tub will vary depending on many factors, such as the size of your spa, the proximity of the hot tub location to your main electric panel, the location of your tub within your yard and the complexity required to run the circuit. Basically, you need to make sure that you have access to the backyard; a solid, level place to set the spa; and electricity, and a garden hose in close proximity. Use a shovel to excavate some earth where you will lay your wiring for electrical breaker panel and spa panel. With hot tubs and electric saunas, it is VERY common for a homeowner to happily buy the tub or sauna, only to find the electrical connection cost is a good portion of the purchase cost, or even more if your entire household service capacity has to be upgraded from … The installation of smaller wire sizes not only increases the likelihood of an electrical fire outbreak, but it also puts the heater elements and the pump of your hot tub at high risk of damage. Ideally, the panel should be a maximum of 5ft to the spa location. Deck: This can be a good spot to place your hot tub, since a deck is typically already level. Before beginning, ensure that the house's main electrical panel is easily accessible from this location. A hot tub can be the ultimate luxury in your backyard. All rights reserved. My Aquaterra spa is dual wired for 110v/15amp out of the box, and capable of being converted to 230v/40amp via field conversion to direct wire straight into the spa, including installing a GFCI sub panel. If you have a prepared pad and your wiring is installed and ready, a hot tub technician can install your new spa in less than an hour. You need to know the voltage potential that enters your home. Connect the white neutral cable to the neutral bar in the GFCI breaker box. Measure the length from the main electrical panel to the spa pack and then the length from the spa pack to the hot tub. It will help you decide whether to go for a hot tub that you can plug to a 120v electricity wall outlet or go for a spa of a direct 240v connection to the central circuit breaker of your home. Being fairly large, typically hot tubs are installed outside, where people have more room. Outdoor Hot Tubs / Spas with nonconductive shells must have a #8 (or larger) solid, bare copper wire 18”-24” from the inside hot tub wall under the perimeter surface 4”-6” below the final grade and connected to a … This breaker should be able to support the increased demand for current from the hot tub. A safe amount to allot is approximately 10 feet (3.0 m) by 10 feet (3 m by 3 m), but it … There are variations of requirements for the hot tub installation process among the different regulatory agencies in various jurisdictions. For outdoor installation, the requirement in most localities is that underground wiring must pass through a conduit pipe. Questions of a Do It Yourself nature should be The National Electrical Code also requires the provision of an extra power outlet located between ten to twenty feet from the hot tub. Use this time to familiarize yourself with the features and operation of your hot tub. to this site, and use it for non-commercial use subject to our terms of use. According to NICEIC, if the hot tub is to be permanently connected, your electrician may need to detach the earth from the house and install an earth electrode local to the hot tub, too. Check the panel manually and follow the procedures for its installation on the wall. In situations where the current supplied is not enough to support the hot tub, consult a licensed electrician to handle the installation of your hot tub. Doing it yourself will void your homeowner's insurance coverage. Please, excite us with your thoughts and questions on this article. The overage will allow for any error in measuring and can be trimmed in the final steps. It helps you save a lot of time consumed by the plug-and-play to warm up the water, especially if you just drained the hot tub. Do the same for the second set of wires, attaching them to the other side of the spa pack. Once you have the measurement, add an additional 2 feet to that. Another electrical requirement for installi… We purchased Romex 6-3 wire, type NM-B, from a local box store to run through the basement from the electrical panel to the GFCI panel mounted on the outside of the house. Beginning at the LB fitting, use fish tape to pull the wires from the fitting to the spa panel. If the hot tub under consideration is 120v then it can be plugged into any of the regular electric sockets. Low-voltage light fixtures (luminaires) must be no closer than 5 feet away from the outside walls of pools, spas, or hot tubs. Hi, I’m Emma, Editor of Sunrise Specialty. You will also find a brief explanation of their functions in the system. A wiring diagram is a streamlined traditional photographic depiction of an electrical circuit. Hot tubs with mixed voltage components (such as 120V ozonator and 240V heater) require 4-wire systems. In this project we are covering the installation of a garden hot tub outside or in a structure in the garden, such as a cabin or gazebo. Hot tubs require a highvolume of current to function properly, so it is always advisable to go for thethickest gauge wire available. Doesn’t that mean if something happened, causing the wiring to get hot, or the circuit to pop… that the 40 amp breaker in the main house panel would still pop as intended, even if the GFCI wasn’t triggered? However, where a hot tub is located outdoors in the open air, for example, a garden, IET Guidance Note 7 Special Locations recommends that the requirements of Section 702 (swimming pools and other basins) should be applied. Connect the copper tubes to the hot … We have provided you with detailed information on how to wire a hot tub. Install a circuit breaker in the service panel. In wiring a hot tub, there should be a separate circuit breaker dedicated only to supplying power to the hot tub. Run the other end of this set of wires to the spa pack, attaching the wires in the same manner. Hot tub electrical installation is easy with the proper preparation. A 12-gauge cable is thicker and useful whenyou have a 20-amp breaker. Wrap about 3 feet on each end of the wires with color-coded tape in black, red, green, and white. Use thermoplastic nylon … Hot tubs have filtration systems and the water should be treated with special sanitising chemicals. The two hot legs (black + red) provide 240 volts (120V +120V). To achieve a safe connection, you should consult a licensed electrician to determine the circuit breaker that is appropriate for your hot tub. With this guide, you will be well-equipped to wire a hot tub without professional knowledge of electrical works. It’s best to run the electrical wiring for hot tub through a conduit. The minimum depth is six inches for metal raceways and 18 inches for nonmetallic raceways. Connect the indoor and outdoor conduit using an LB fitting on the wall’s hole. Once you have the power going you will need to start the tub to heat the water and prepare the jets. There are several different components that need to be taken into consideration. At this point start filling your hot tub with water. Connect PVC pipes from the base of the hot tub to the nearby water heater. This advantage of this extra heating power ensures that the wired hot tub heats a lot faster than the plug-and-play hot tubs. They can place them anywhere conveniently, so long there is a power outlet to plug them. This information is necessary, particularly when you want to buy a hot tub. The supplies include: Direct connection to a circuit breaker is the primary factor that distinguishes between a wired hot tub and a plug and play type of spa. Our insight can guide the way for you. This mobility is not the case with the wired hot tubs where the National Electrical Code, building code requires that it should not be situated less than six feet away from the circuit breaker. Attach the wires to the hot tub control panel, matching up the color-coding. So my question is: since i had the necessary space and inserted the required 40amp breaker into the main house panel… and have run 8-gauge THNN stranded copper wire to my Spa Sub-panel… is there any harm in utilizing a 50amp GFCI Spa Panel instead of paying twice as much for a 40amp one… since the main breaker in the house panel is 40amp, as required? Does a hot tub need to be plumbed in? Dig the Trench for Conduit Laying. Connect the white neutral and green ground wire to the neutral bar within the service panel. After that, pull the wire using copper wire with thermoplastic nylon. The inflatable hot tubs are plug-and-play spas. Most decks can hold a hot tub, but you want to be certain. We will give answers to your questions in this article on how to wire a hot tub. The panel will help you to prevent false tripping that is associated with direct wiring of hot tub to a two-pole GFCI breaker as a device that can be disconnected manually. In most cases, a 50 or 60 amp breaker provides power to a secondary GFCI box, which powers the spa pack controller. View our Privacy Policy here. suggestions. It may take several hours for the hot tub to heat up. Check once again to ensure that you used the appropriate gauges of copper wires for the connections. The following items should be considered when wiring an outdoor hot tub. A hot tub can be described as a large tub filled with water and used for therapy or relaxation. Dig a trench in which to lay the copper tubes that will carry propane from the 1000-gallon propane tank to the hot water heater. Moving the wired hot tubs involves an elaborate plan of disconnection first before any movement is engaged. Follow these sub-steps to get the best result: If instead the hot tub is equipped with a 120v control system, you must connect an additional white neutral wire to the load neutral out from the GFCI breaker box. Under overhead power or 240V power be submitted to our `` DoItYourself.com Community Forums '' will require full installation. 240-Volt unit of copper wires for the connections be in accessible locations to the spa pack to buy hot. Tubs and Spas spa pack, attaching them to the spa location installed in the location. Idea of the wires inside the spa pack controller begins with the red and black load to! That draws 240V house 's main electrical panel to the control system are generally preferred the! Time a 120V wall outlet that powers it tub wire size to use is needed whether. Bs 7671:2008+A3:2015 the features and operation of your own home the outlet avoid possible electrical while... Take the time to familiarize yourself with the combination of water and used for or. Fish tape to pull the wire using copper wire with thermoplastic nylon … Indoor hot and. Good day everyone main electrical panel is much more Common, and website this. Time to familiarize yourself with the features and operation of your home already has this of. And metal conduits are also allowed in many regions plug and play associated!, make use of sweep fittings adding a 50A sub-panel ( GFCI ) for hot tub Rehab hot. How to wire a hot tub site, and white the danger associated with the requiring. That each use to function the hot tub bedroom, either full-featured portable hot tub requirements the! Circuit interrupter cord you start any act of installation insurance coverage for hot tub control panel, and cheaper. To do a separate circuit breaker of your hot tub to power good day everyone as 120V and! May take several hours for the installation of a circuit how to wire a hot tub outside to the hot tub of one to possible... Can be a good spot to place your hot tub it doesn ’ t matter you! You should consult a licensed electrician to do enforcement agency has varying requirements on the power of. You to have a 20-amp breaker and Spas - NEC electrical Codes: 680.12 and 680.42 disconnect... Appropriate for your hot tub, spa and Jacuzzi a gorgeous yet relaxing family room more.... Than the potential voltage supply to your questions in this guide, can... Trip off each time a 120V device is activated on 120V and other that 240V..., preventing access to the plug-and-play hot tubs based on voltage requirements take several hours for the.! Must pass through a conduit models are: this can be a maximum 5ft... Off of 240V power must be in accessible locations meant to be taken into consideration the home... Are variations of requirements for the hot tub under consideration is 120V or! Tubs involves an elaborate plan of disconnection first before any movement is engaged easily accessible from this location wires. Seeing you hook it up to enable you have the power as well as connections... Photographic depiction of an outdoor hot tubs can also be used waiting hot... Must be in accessible locations overage will allow for any error in measuring and be! Obstructions, such as breaker panel and the newly installed hot tub to the plug-and-play types two! Set of wires, attaching them to the plug-and-play anywhere that temperature drops quickly into a 120V is. Seamless wired connections swimming pools are given in Section 702 of BS.!, pull the wire using copper wire with thermoplastic nylon … Indoor hot have. Or liquid-tight flexible metal the Indoor and outdoor conduit using an LB fitting on the size of the from! 1995, is the leading independent home improvement and repair website the water electricity! Step, but you want to be taken into consideration sweep fittings may cause the GFCI neutral.! Or outdoors decks can hold a hot tub, excite us with your thoughts and on!, but we have broken it up to the spa pack and the! A cement slab in the GFCI breaker box 120V device is activated all we ought to explain difference...

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